Tuesday, August 4, 2015

Our Theses

We figured it was time for you all to meet our two other children. 

My Thesis: English Learners' Participation in Mathematical Discourse

161 pages
45,154 words
276,047 characters (with spaces)
1,524 paragraphs
4,618 lines
10 figures
13 tables
25 references

Due to the increasing diversity of mathematics classrooms today, teachers need guidance on how to support English Learners (ELs) in mathematics classes in a way that situates language learning within mathematical activity. Unfortunately, neither mathematics education research nor EL education research is sure how to navigate the complexity of teaching ELs mathematics while supporting both their language development and their mathematical development through their participation in mathematical activity. This study examined ELs’ participation in mathematical Discourse, investigating both the mathematical purposes ELs accomplished by using multiple symbol systems, and the way ELs used non-English language (NEL) symbol systems to support their spoken English. The participants were college-aged ELs beginning their studies at the English Learning Center at an American university. The students all had fluency with basic conversational English, and had many different levels of mathematical experience. I identified five categories of purposes in which ELs engaged during mathematical Discourse. I also developed the Replace Augment Learn (RAL) framework that describes how ELs used NEL symbol systems to make up for their decreased English literacy and facilitate their participation in mathematical Discourse. Analysis of the data suggests ELs’ use of NEL symbol systems (1) played a significant role in achieving many of the purposes associated with mathematical Discourse, and (2) opened up a space for effective language acquisition. These findings indicate that authentic mathematical activity can be a productive site for language development, and that ELs with basic conversational English and literacy with a variety of symbol systems can participate meaningfully in mathematical Discourse. 


Bryan's Thesis: Advancing Phage Genomics and Honeybee Health Through Discovery and Characterization of Paenibacillaceae Bacteriophages

162 pages
48,139 words
335,233 characters (with spaces)
4,285 paragraphs
8,211 lines
17 tables
35 figures
133 references

The Paenibacillaceae family of bacteria includes two species known to infect the hives of
honeybees, Paenibacillus larvae and Brevibacillus laterosporus. P. larvae, the causative agent of
American Foulbrood (AFB) causes a lethal infection of honeybee larvae, while B. laterosporus is
a secondary invader following European Foulbrood (EFB) infection. Increasing antibiotic
resistance of P. larvae bacteria has prompted a search for alternative treatment methods for this
disease. Bacteriophages are the most diverse life forms on earth and can provide important
insights about the bacterial hosts they infect. However, few Paenibacillaceae phages have been
isolated or characterized. In this study, the first B. laterosporus phages are characterized with
respect to host range, structural morphology, and sequence similarity. The isolation and
characterization of many P. larvae field isolates together with 38 novel P. larvae phages made
possible the first broad phage typing study of P. larvae. Phage typing data indicated that P.
larvae strains tested could be categorized into one of two groups. Comparative genomics of
bacteriophages was made easier by modifying Phamerator to make it broadly accessible and
usable to phage researchers throughout the world. Additionally, raw sequencing data can now be
used to identify phage DNA packaging strategies that are indicative of a phage’s physical ends.
Using these data, phage genomes can be published in an orientation and complementarity that
reflects the physical structure of the phage chromosome, providing order and consistency that
will benefit all future phage researchers.


These have been sitting on our shelf for close to a month now. It's a little surreal. Somehow 161 pages (or 162 in Bryan's case) is a really strange temporal representation of what we've dedicated the past years of our lives to. 

Well, that, and this:

Monday, July 13, 2015

9 months!

Wow I've been a blogging slacker. Life is crazy.

Lincoln at 9 months!

He's got some pretty awesome hair!

-His first Independence day! We had a fun 4th of July and Lincoln LOVED fireworks...oddly enough.

The 4th of July Lion's club breakfast in Soda Springs, ID. The look on his face is not disgust like it might seem... it's actually utter concentration.

Lincoln's face
-He is SO expressive. It's hilarious.
-Chunky and happy. We love it.
-Loves sticking out his tongue and rolling it upside down. It's kinda how he flirts. :)

He loves playing with bottle lids. He tries to drink out of them, speaks into them to hear his voice amplified, etc. It's really funny. 

Lincoln's mouth
-We think he's been teething for like his whole life (literally EVERYTHING goes into his mouth) but alas, no teeth yet.
-Reiterate: everything goes into his mouth. Talk about oral fixation lol.
-Maybe it has something to do with the above two bullets, but this boy LOVES to kiss. :) He gives good, open mouth, slobbery kisses. All you have to do is say, "Lincoln, will you give me a kiss?" Sometimes he just does it without asking too. Funny how affectionate he is sometimes even though he's 100% opposed to snuggling.
-He likes to stick his tongue part way out and turn it upside down
-He screams. Lots. Not just the "I'm upset or hurt" kind of scream, but also the "I don't have an inside voice" kind of scream. We're working on nipping that in the bud. We'll see how it goes.

Kissing Great Grandma Bolton

Kissing Great Grandpa Bolton 
Those eyelashes... 

Lincoln's talking
-He babbles in complete sentences. Like he starts, has all the right tone inflections and everything, and then punctuates the end almost. It's hilarious.
-His words: Mom, dada, yum, duck, quack, clap ("pap"), baba (sometimes means "bottle"),
-He repeats tons of things we say like "block"
-He's been experimenting with the /f/ sound.

Mom and I had a water fight with Lincoln's guns

This is how Lincoln participated in the water fight

And this. He loves splashing.

Oh man, those leggies kill me. 

Lincoln's mobility
-He can roll wherever he'd like to be. He's getting pretty fast. And wild. And daring.
-When he's on his belly he has started scooting backward.
-He does not crawl yet. His rolling is too efficient to reeeeally motivate him to crawl.
-He wishes he could walk run.

Lincoln's hands
-His fingernails grow at the speed of light. Or at least really fast.
-He loves to clap.
-He'll give high fives.
-He can pick up the most microscopic pieces of lint or thread or garbage... and he notices when he drops them and goes hunting again.

Welcome home Curtis!

Lincoln's legs and feet
-He loves standing up...with help, holding onto things, etc. He loves it. He has really strong legs but not much balance yet.
-He loves to bicycle his legs at top speeds. Seriously if I could put that kid on a bike he'd be up to Salt Lake in no time.

This is as close to snuggling as he ever gets... 

...and it lasted about 5 seconds. 

Tiffany was tickling his back and he was just zoning out. 

Lincoln's favorite pasttimes
-He LOVES swimming lessons! We do a parent-tot SwimKidz class and he loves it. I totally have that kid who splashes all the other kids in the face. He bicycles his legs nonstop the entire half hour (and sleeps pretty well right afterward).
-Loves fireworks. He watches them with awe and says "pop pop pop".

Sunday, June 14, 2015

8 months!

In the midst of thesising, 8 months snuck up on us!

Lincoln is 8 months old!

He's a fun, happy, smiley, strong-willed, excited boy and we love him!

He's almost as big as Annie! 

He has started talking SO much. He talks loudly and he talks a lot!
He says:
-ba (ball maybe?)
-quack (we're pretty sure)
and whatever else we say that he tries to copy like "gramma".

Lincoln at the Orem-fest parade

Lincoln at the Orem-fest parade

He knows his name we're pretty sure. He looks over when we say "Lincoln" and doesn't necessarily look over when we just talk arbitrarily unless we get his attention first.

He likes
-playing in water
-drinking water from water bottles and cups
-rolling rolling rolling
-my homemade Mexican food (but unfortunately his tummy didn't love it much-- a bit spicy I think)
-people watching
-playing with kids
-graham crackers
-feeding himself cheerios, bites of PB&J sandwiches, etc-- he has mastered his pincer grasp-- he wanted the cheerios really badly lol.
-trying to feed himself with a spoon by stealing it out of our hands, putting it into his mouth, and chewing... hasn't figured out to pull the spoon back out of his mouth though.
-cold treats
-being outside-- he could be outside all day long.
-his teddy bear
-kicking/bicycling his legs as fast as possible, all the time
-solving puzzles... like how to get into the cheerio container